Alcohol and School Violence in High School Students

Monday, 9 November 2015

Francisco Rafael Guzman Facundo, PhD, RN
Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico
Lucio Rodriguez, MSP
Director, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
Maria Magdalena Alonso-Castillo, RN
Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey Monterrey, Mexico
Karla Selene López García, RN
Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico

Introduction: The consumption of alcohol is a serious public health problem in Mexico. Segments of the population most vulnerable to experience the negative effects of alcohol are teenagers. A behavior that shows related to alcohol consumption is the violence. The literature review has identified few studies on alcohol use and bullying in high school adolescent.

Objective: was to describe the relationship between alcohol consumption and school violence in high school students

Methods: The design was descriptive correlational random sampling was stratified by group, the sample size was obtained through the n 'Query Advisor 4.0, considering a medium effect for an alternative correlation of .30, the final sample was 255 students in the metropolitan area of Monterrey, México. The instruments used were the Questionnaire Disorders Identification to Alcohol Consumption (AUDIT) and the Scale Violent Conduct in the Classroom (ECDV).

Results and conclusions: A 77.3% of consumed alcohol at some time in life, 62.4% and 40.4% last year and month respectively. More reasonable consumption was found in women (18.5%) than men (10.3%), stressed that the most frequent violent behavior were insulting classmates (physical and verbal aggression) and insults and deceit teachers. Further violence was reported in men than in women. There is a positive relationship between the cups consumed on a typical day with violent behavior (rs = .214, p <.001), also according to the score of drinking (AUDIT) a positive relationship with behavior violent (rs = .314, p <.001). Finally significant difference was found by school violence for prevalence of alcohol consumption sometime in life (U = 3709.5, p <.001) in the last year (U = 5529.0, p <.001) and month (U = 5796.0, p <.001), emphasizing higher mean and median scores on violence on students who consume alcohol. The results of this study may in the future be the basis for the development of preventive nursing programs on violence and alcohol.