Data Sources: CINAHL Plus, Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EBSCOhost
Conclusions: Evidence from this review suggests little or no benefit of lactobacilli probiotics in preventing rUTIs in women with a few studies showing antimicrobials being more effective. For probiotics to be included in the prophylactic rUTI guidelines, further research is necessary.
Implications for Practice: Advanced Nurse Practitioners (ANP) play a vital role in the healthcare delivery system. With the large amount of urinary tract infection (UTI) cases per year, ANPs should be educated on the current research on preventative measures of UTIs. Lactobacilli probiotics should be included as a possible preventative measure because women who suffer from recurrent UTIs might benefit from probiotics as evidenced by the results of these studies.
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