Food Differences among Hispanic Groups and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes

Saturday, 7 November 2015

Stella Lopez-Jimenez, RN
Phi Rho Chapter, Riverview, FL, USA


According to Schneiderman (2014) the Center for Disease Control indicated 11.8% of Latinos have diabetes in the United States.  Healthcare providers tend to generalize that all Hispanics eat the same type of food.  The goal of the project is to explore cultural food difference in Latino population as it relates to diabetes.  The project will compare and contrast the food differences of several Hispanic groups, such as South Americans, North Americans, and Latin Caribbean Islands.  The project will analyze the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in these subgroups.  Different cultural foods and dietary habits will be examined.  A literature review will be conducted to determine cultural food differences among the groups and how it relates to diabetes.  The glycemic index of the different cultural foods will be determined and compared to incidence of Type 2 diabetes in the groups. 

Purpose Statement

The purpose of the presentation is to highlight cultural food differences among the Hispanic subgroups as it relates to Type 2 diabetes.


Food Differences Among Hispanic Groups and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes


Distinguish food preferences among the Hispanic groups.

Identify incidence of diabetes among the different Hispanic groups.

 Explore cultural differences of the Hispanic population as it relates to Type 2 diabetes.

Target Audience

The group of professionals that would benefit from this poster demonstration is nurses, community nurses, diabetic educators, dieticians, physicians, and social workers.  This group is at the forefront of diabetic health care. 

Key Words



             Glycemic Index



Aschner. P, Aguirre, L., Franco., Gagliardo, JJ., Gorban-Lapertosa, S., Seclen, S., &, Vinocour, M. (2014). Diabetes in South and Central America: An update. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 103(2), 238-243.

Long, J. M., Sowell, R., Bairan, A., Holtz, C., Curtis, A. B., & Fogarty, K. J. (2012). Exploration of commonalities and variations in health related beliefs across four Latino subgroups using focus group methodology: Implications in care for Latinos with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 19(4), 133-142.

Schneiderman, N., Llabre, M., Cowie, C. C., Barnhart, J., Carnethon, M., Gallo, L. C., & ... Avilés-Santa, M. L. (2014). Prevalence of diabetes among Hispanics/Latinos from diverse backgrounds: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Diabetes Care, 37(8), 2233-2239. doi:10.2337/dc13-2939

Stella Lopez-Jimenez RN, BSN

MSN Educator (student) Kaplan University

Sigma Theta Tau - Phi Rho Chapter

Mary Anne Theiss, RN, MS, JD, PhD, CNE