Tuesday, 10 November 2015: 8:30 AM-9:45 AM
Description/Overview: Background: Self-management of activities of daily living and symptom management of illness conditions are crucial skills which enhance the quality of life and improve health. However, methods to enhance these behaviors in different populations remain variable and individualized. While social support has been shown to be associated with healthy eating, physical activity, and weight loss (Cavallo et al., 2014), more specific information is needed on how different types of support apply to different populations. Purpose: To present two reviews and a study of different social support factors and interventions which play a role in enhancing self- and symptom-management in different populations with chronic conditions. Methods: Conditions included in these abstracts are overweight and obesity in adolescents; chronic illness and conditions, specifically diabetes, cardiovascular disease, neuromuscular disease; and psychological disorder. The studies reviewed interventions related to social support via parental support, peer support, and group exercise support. Findings: Results indicate that various social-support activities found different parental components affect nutrition consumption and meal planning, skill enhancement, and problem solving; positive effects on quality of life and physical function, and blood pressure as a result of dance; and finally high satisfaction with the support group, increased self-efficacy, knowledge, and attitudes in a peer-support format. Conclusions/Implications: These three papers summarize current research on social support activities that promote self-management in different chronic conditions. For example, positive role modeling and specific motivational techniques have an impact on adolescent health behaviors; a social activity such as dance can have positive effects on improving the quality of life and clinical and psychological symptoms; and peers who have the same condition can effect positive changes through a group intervention. The global implications for future study include a need to determine if these social network effects are similar for different populations and could influence how social support may be effective in different cultures.
Moderators: Charles Maibvise, MPH, MPhiL, BSc (Hons), Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Symposium Organizers: Jillian Inouye, PhD, APRN, FAAN, Schools of Nursing and Allied Health Sciences, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA
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