Wednesday, 19 July 2006: 3:00 PM-4:30 PM
Moving the Evidence to the Bedside: Patient and Family Centered Care
Learning Objective #1: Describe examples of patient and family centered care.
Learning Objective #2: Discuss the application of evidence based practice for personal pet visitation, open visitation, and family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
A healing environment of caring and compassion is the foundation of our culture. We have evidence based policies that support patient and family centered care. The following are examples of evidence based care offered and/or provided to our patients and their families: open and/or liberal visitation, personal pet visitation, and family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Studies have demonstrated the benefit of pet visitation in hospitalized patients. These benefits include improvement in physiological factors, such as a decrease in heart rate and blood pressure, and psychological benefits by reducing anxiety. A multidisciplinary team including nursing staff and management, infection control, and risk management collaborated with a non-profit organization, Pets Are Wonderful Support (PAWS) to develop and implement a personal pet visitation policy and procedure. Literature supports liberal visitation to enhance patient and family satisfaction and most health care team members like open visitation. Liberal visitation policies have been implemented in the Emergency Department (ED), critical care units, Post Anesthesia Care Units (PACU), and acute care units. There are five critical care units that have all adopted visitation hours depending on the patient population, such as a medical versus surgical patients, and patient and family needs. Family presence during CPR has been endorsed by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) as an evidenced based practice. Most of our resuscitation efforts occur in the critical care units and ED; therefore, family presence during CPR has been implemented in these units. Family members are offered the opportunity to be present during the resuscitation efforts. If the family member would like to be present a nurse stays with the family throughout the code describing who is present and what is happening. All these programs and/or practices have research to support the implementation in clinical settings.
Organizer:Lea Ann Matura, PhD, RN, NP-C
 Family Presence During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Johnie Leonard, MSN, RN
 Personal Pet Visitation
Tory Schmitz, MSN, RN, CNAA, BC
 Open Hospital Visitation
Debra Belgard, RN, BSN, CNOR