Poster Presentation

Friday, July 13, 2007
9:30 AM - 10:15 AM

Friday, July 13, 2007
3:15 PM - 4:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Poster Presentation III
Condom Use among Asian College Students in Nevada and China: A Transtheoretical Approach
Elizabeth Amos, PhD, RN, C, CS1, Wei-Chen Tung, PhD, RN1, and Steve Chiu, PhD2. (1) Orvis School of Nursing, University of Nevada at Reno, Reno, NV, USA, (2) College of Engineering, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, USA
Learning Objective #1: The learner will be able to understand condom use behavior and HIV knowledge among Asian college students in Nevada and China.
Learning Objective #2: The learner will be able to understand the applicability of the Transtheoretical Model with condom use among Asian college students in Nevada and China.

Background: College students are 3.5 times more likely than non-students to become human immunodeficiency (HIV) infected. Although condom use is a major strategy for preventing HIV infection, college students may fail to use condoms while under the influence of substance abuse and peer pressure. However, little is known about condom use and HIV knowledge among Asian college students. Asian people have higher rates of infectious diseases associated with HIV, including tuberculosis and hepatitis B. Additionally, cultural, linguistic, and misperceptions about condoms and HIV might put them at risk for HIV infection.

Objectives: To describe and compare condom use practices of Asian college students in Nevada and China, to examine the relationships between stages of behavior change related to condom use, self-efficacy, and perceived benefits/barriers of condom use of Asian college students, and to explore the factors (e.g., demographics, acculturation, and HIV knowledge) that affect constructs from the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) (i.e., stages of change, self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers).

Methods: A comparative, correlational, cross-sectional design with random sampling method will be used to recruit participants. The subjects will be Asian college students studying in 2- and 4-year colleges or universities in Nevada and China. Data will be collected via the Internet. The Internet questionnaire consists of four self-administrated parts, Demographic Questionnaire, International AIDS Questionnaire, Condom Use Scale, and Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale. The participants will receive a gift certificate coupon valued at $5.00 via the Internet for completing the study. 

Implication: This study will provide empirical data specific to Asian college students and will help to narrow the information gap that currently impedes efforts to develop culturally sensitive HIV education programs. Of particular importance is the study's relevance to how the TTM is applied to condom use among these ethnic groups. This has important implications for intervention development.