Wednesday, July 11, 2007
9:00 AM - 9:45 AM
Wednesday, July 11, 2007
2:45 PM - 3:30 PM
Parenting Behaviour in Women who Conceived Using Assisted Reproductive Technology: A Meta-analysis
|Learning Objective #1: The learner will be able to understand the methodology of meta-analysis.
|Learning Objective #2: The learner will be able to understand the difference of parenting behavior between the Women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology and who conceived naturally.
Since the birth of Louise Brown in 1978, thousands of children have been born all over the world as the result of “test tube” fertilization. It has been suggested that using assisted reproductive technology to perform parenthood may influence both the attitudes and expectations of parents towards their child, and the parent-child relationship. Infertile women suffer chronic distress, which may have impact on their parenting behaviours after they succeed in bearing children. However, the results of previous studies were inconsistent. A meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether the parenting behaviour in women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology differs from that of women who conceived naturally. First, a systematic literature review was carried out using the database of Medline, Cinahl, PsycInfo from 1978 to 2005, and citations from references. The key words included parenting, child-rearing, parent-child interaction, parent-child relationship, infertility, ART, and IVF. There were 312 studies identified in this search. The inclusion criteria are: (1) published in English, (2) a case-control study design which included assisted reproductive technology group and naturally conceived group. The women who used donated egg or sperm for assisted reproductive technology are excluded. The retrieval process yielded 15 studies. Second, the substantive, methodological, and miscellaneous variables were extracted and coded for meta-analysis. The measurements of parenting behaviour are different in these studies. The warmth, negativity, and control of parenting behaviours were derived from all these measurements. No significant differences were found in the three parenting behaviour between assisted reproductive technology group and naturally conceived group. The findings suggested that the standardized measurement and the condition of match group should be considered in the study design in the future.