Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Black, Hispanic, and Filipino families residing in southeast Florida.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to analyze the role of family eating and activity habits in the prevention and control of overweight and obesity.
Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 90 mother-child dyads, comprised of 42% Black, 36% Hispanic, and 22% Filipinos aged 7 to 55 years. The data, collected via self-administered questionnaires and guided interview (Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire,
Results: Findings revealed differences in eating and activity practices between Filipinos and Blacks or Hispanics. Blacks and Hispanics did not differ in incidence of overweight; those who were found to be overweight, as measured by Body Mass Index, were associated with elevated blood pressure. Self-esteem (SE) correlated inversely with weight; however, the SE factor did not differ by ethnicity. Mothers/children’s weight inversely correlated with activity level. Overweight mothers tend to have overweight children.
The development of overweight/obesity in childhood reflects the interplay between/among personal, psychosocial, and environmental factors. Study findings may raise public awareness of the myriad health risks associated with overweight/obesity, and provide a database for nurse practitioners and other health service providers for the development of culturally sensitive focused public health education programs.