Learning Objective 1: The learners will be able to name physical conditions that are frequently experienced by postpartum mothers.
Learning Objective 2: The learners will be able to categorize physical conditions that are frequently experienced by postpartum mothers.
Methods: The study was a cross-sectional design with snowball sampling. 129 pregnant women who were over 17 years old and without pregnancy complications participated. Mean age of the participants was 40.52; 55.0% of them were primipara, 43.3% were homemakers, and 59.4% had an educational level higher than senior high school. 44.2% were pregnant within 27-32 weeks, 35.7% were 32-36 weeks, and 20.2% were over 36 weeks. The Physical Health Condition Checklist (PHCC), a 43-item 4-point scale (0 for none, 3 for severe) was developed and used. Cronbach’s alpha for the PHCC was 0.91. Conditions that were experienced by more than 25% of participants (25 conditions) were categorized by using principal component analysis.
Results: More than 60% of participants experienced tiredness, frequent urination, low back pain, sleep interruption, cramps in legs, increased vaginal discharge, weight gain, and decreased in memory. Participants experienced a mean of 15.36 (SD=7.37) physical conditions. Occurrence rate of all conditions did not differ by gestational age groups. Seven components were emerged and could explain 66.15% of the variance of physical conditions: fatigue and pain-related, gastrointestine-related, circulation-related, headache, weight gain/lack of sexual desire, and bleeding gums/perineal discomfort.
Conclusion: Pregnant women need to be actively assessed for and consulted on physical conditions that are frequently experienced. Conditions in a cluster can be assessed and managed together. Longitudinal research focusing on diverse ethnicities is needed.
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