Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to describe the nursing interventions aimed to seeking and maintaining positive health outcomes in Mexican family caregivers.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to describe the Mexican researches work about nursing interventions culturally appropriated among Mexican family caregivers.
Methods: A repeated measures quasi-experimental design with three groups, two experimental and a control group was used. Experimental conditions were: a) cognitive-behavioral intervention aimed to modification of dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving plus pleasure activities (G1, n=12); b) skills training intervention designed to deal with patient’s behavioral problems plus strategies to taking care at home (G2, n=14); compared to a control group (G3, n = 14). Outcome variables were: anxiety, depression, attitudes toward caregiving, behavioral problems, and dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving. Measurements were performed at: baseline, end of the intervention, and four weeks following the intervention completion.
Results: Following the intervention, caregivers from the two experimental groups showed significant effects on reduction of anxiety (both grups p = .002), symptoms of depression (both p < .05), and improvement of attitude toward caregiving (both p < .001), in comparison to the control group. Experiment's group effects were: cognitive-behavioral intervention showed less symptoms of depression (p < .001), and better attitude toward caregiving (p= .027), than the skills training group.
Conclusion: Caregivers benefit more from the cognitive-behavioral intervention in comparison to the skills training and control groups. To further explore caregiver's benefits it is important to test an intervention that includes both, the cognitive-behavioral and the skills training intervention.
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