Life Style in Women in Menopause

Monday, July 11, 2011

Leonarda Irlanda Cerqueda García, MCE1
Graciela Arrioja Morales II, MCE2
María del Carmen Martínez Reyes, MCE2
Erika Pérez Noriega, MCE2
Lilia Angélica Ibarra Chávez, MCE3
(1)Hospital Genral de Tehuacan Jurisdicción No. 10, Secretaría de Salud, Tehuacan, Mexico
(2)Facultad de Enfermería, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
(3)Hospital General de Zona 2A “, Instituto Mexicao del Seguro Social (IMSS), Del. Iztacalco, D. F, Mexico

Learning Objective 1: Participants will learn the behavior of the variables (indicators) of women lifestyle in the climacteric period in health promotion, ot Pender's (2000).

Learning Objective 2: Participants will learn the effect of self-esteem and self-eficiency, as variables, in women lifestyles in the climateric period in Pender's (2000) healt promotion model.

Purpose: to explain the relationships of the variables involved in health conduct by women in menopause, within the selected concepts ot Pender's Healt Promotion (2000).
Methods: the design was predictive correlational, cross, in a sample of 200 women, between 45 to 60 years old, non-random sampling, data were obtained with four instruments, three of them were measured with Cronbach's internal consistency alpha index were .82 to .89. For the analysis of data the variables were operationalized through descriptive and inferential statics.

Results: the three given hypotesis were acepted, and thus concludes that: a) personal biological factors, age, number of children, psycological and sociocultural       factors that took effect in the self-effyciency percived by women in menopause (F cal = 6.205, p = .001);  b) personal biological factors, age, number of childen, psycological and socicicultural       factors haven in a direct way in the life style by woman in menopause(F cal = 7.034, p   = .001) education was a change factor in women's life style; c) self-efficiency percived is a cognitive variable affective predictor of the life style by women in menopause (F cal = 6.205, p = .001).

Conclusion: verifying the relationships between the concepts of Pender's MPS (2000) with empirical evidence helps to strengthen the scientific discipline to design and dynamic intervention studies aimes at raising the self-eficiency by women in menopause, to imporve their lifestyle which undoubtedly'll have an impact on better quality of life.