Conducting Needs Analysis with a View to Improving the Skills of Newly Graduated Nurses in Japan

Monday, July 11, 2011

Akira Kitagawa, MS, RN1
Yasue Yamazumi, MS, RN1
Itsuko Shono, PhD, RN2
Kazuko Muroya, LLM, RN2
Shigeko Shono, PhD, RN3
Kazuyo Hazemoto, MS, RN3
Kuniko Sakai, MS, RN, RM3
Shinobu Kinjo, RN4
Yoko Nakasone, RN4
Emiko Nakashima, MS, RN5
Hitomi Tsukahara, MD, RN5
Natsuko Shimizu, MS, RN1
Fumiko Yasukata, PhD, RN1
(1)Faculty of Nursing, Fukuoka Prefectural University, Fukuoka, Japan
(2)Nursing of human broad development, School of Health Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan
(3)Department of Nursing, Faculty of nursing and Welfare, Kyushu University of Nursing and Social Welfare, Kumamoto, Japan
(4)Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing, Okinawa, Japan
(5)School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to conduct needs analysis with a view to improving the skills of newly graduated nurses in Japan.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand issues in Nursing Education in Japan.


  The present study aims to identify nursing skills for which newly graduated nurses want to receive support, for the purpose of providing nursing skills support according to the needs of newly graduated nurses.


  A mail questionnaire survey was conducted among 370 alumni of the academic year 2009 of 5 universities during the period from March to June in 2010. The questionnaire was anonymous for ethical reasons. The present study was conducted after obtaining approvals from the ethical review boards of the participating universities.


  Responses were obtained from a total of 73 subjects (response rate, 19.7%), and the valid response rate was 98.6%.

  i) To the question of whether subjects had ever wanted to receive nursing skills support, 20 subjects (27.8%) responded “always,” and 25 subjects (34.7%) responded “often.”

  ii) For the question of which items subjects wanted to receive skills support for during the past year, the three items with the highest numbers of responses were “management of mechanical ventilator” (n=56, 77.8%), “preparation, assistance, and management of central venous injection” (n=50, 69.4%), and “electrocardiogram monitoring, and attachment and management of 12-lead electrocardiogram” (n=49; 68.1%).


  More than 60% of newly graduated nurses “always” or “often” wanted to receive nursing skills support, indicating that newly graduated nurses feel uncertain about their nursing skills. In addition, the nursing skills for which the greatest numbers of newly graduated nurses wanted to receive support were identified to be skills which are not expected to be performed individually in the nursing education and nursing training in Japan.