Quality of Life in Elderly

Monday, July 11, 2011

Lilia Angélica Ibarra Chávez, MCE1
Graciela Arrioja Morales, MCE2
María Magdalena Soriano y Sotomayor, MCE2
María del Carmen Martínez Reyes, MCE2
Leonarda Irlanda Cerqueda García, MCE3
(1)Hospital General de Zona 2A “, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Tlalnepantla, Mexico
(2)Facultad de Enfermería, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
(3)Hospital Genral de Tehuacan, Secretaría de Salud, Tehuacan, Mexico

Learning Objective 1: Students will learn the behavior of the variables (indicators) on elderly quality of life in health promotion, Pender's (2000).

Learning Objective 2: Explain to participants the behavior of selected concepts involved in elderly quality of life in the model of health promotion, by Pender (2000

Purpose: it was the exploration of relationships between personal biological factors (age, gender), psychological (self-esteem), sociocultural (marital status, education, occupation) self-efficiency perception (achievements of performance) and social support (emotional and tangible) with the lifestyle of the elderly.

Methods: the design was predictive correlational, cross, in a sample of 120 elders, non-random sampling, data were obtained with five instruments, four of them were measured with Cronbach's internal consistency alpha index were .67 to .90. For the analysis of data the variables were operationalized through descriptive and inferential statics

Results: the five given hypotesis were acepted and thus concludes that:

a) personal biological factors, age, number of children, psycological and sociocultural factors that took significant effects to the cognitions and specific behavior affects, and the Health Promotion behavior: self-esteem affected (F=34.280, p=.001, t=5.855, p=.001) the variables percived self-efficiency; sex, self-esteem, marital status and occupation caused efect in the emotional and tangible support (F=5.316, p=.002, R2=.098; F=3.358, p=.0382, R2 =.038); the percived self-efficiency and the social support were preditctable variables (F=28.148 and p=.001) to life style affects; life style (F=8.443 and p=.001) in elderly.

Conclusion: from the theoretical perspective this work helps to confirm three theorical suppositions for the research; as a contribution to the discipline the produced empiric evidence in this study increased scientific knowledge. For the innovation of the practice should be further explored in this population and with these variables, to increase the possibility of design and implement intervention studies aimed at improving the quality of life in the elderly. And socially helps explaining the lifestyle in the elderly.