Predictor Factors of Accuracy of Nursing Diagnoses

Monday, July 11, 2011

Fabiana Gonçalves Matos, RN, MNSc1
Dina de Almeida Lopes Monteiro Cruz, RN, PhD2
Mariana Alvina dos Santos, RN, MNSc3
Erika de Souza Guedes, RN3
(1)Collegiate Nursing, State University of West Paraná, Cascavel, Brazil
(2)School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
(3)School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to: 1. Describe characteristics of the NDAS–Version 2;

Learning Objective 2: 2. Discuss predict factors related to diagnostic accuracy.

Purpose: To describe the accuracy of nursing diagnoses in clinical practice; identify predictors of accuracy of nursing diagnoses; and to test the Accuracy Scale for Nursing Diagnosis (NDAS) – Version 2 for reliability. 

Methods:  A documental study conducted in a public teaching hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. The accuracy of nursing diagnoses documented was estimated by applying the NDAS-Version 2. The study sample was the admission records of adult patients hospitalized between July 2005 and June 2008. Association tests were performed between the degree of accuracy of diagnoses and variables of the diagnoses, of the patients, of the admission records, and of the nurses 

Results: In 749 admission records that were evaluated, 3.417 diagnoses were documented by 21 nurses. The most nursing diagnoses were evaluated as highly accurate (70.4%). The model with variables of the diagnoses showed that diagnoses of low frequency (p = 0.000), diagnoses of the functional domain (p = 0.000) and actual diagnoses (p = 0.000) were predictors of a higher degrees of accuracy; the model with variables of patients and admission records showed that chronic diseases (p = 0.000), admissions to the general medical ward (p = 0.000) and a good quality of the patient records (p=0.005) were predictors of higher accuracy; and the model with variables of the nurses showed that reporting presence of theoretical and practical content of nursing diagnosis in the baccalaureate program (p = 0.011) was predictor of higher degrees of accuracy. The ICC coefficient of intra and interrater was 0.96 and 0.71, therefore demonstrating good reliability of the NDAS-Version 2. 

Conclusion: This study provided empirical data to advance knowledge regarding predictors of the accuracy of nursing diagnoses.