Blood Pressure and Abdominal Circumference of Students in the Municipality of Picos, PI, Brazil

Monday, July 11, 2011

Ana Roberta Vilarouca Da Silva, PhD
Jonathan Veloso Costa, ACD
Loisláyne Barros Leal, ACD
Rumão Batista Nunes de Carvalho, ACD
Diego Santos de Araújo, ACD
Department Nursing, Federal University of the Piauí, Picos, Brazil

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to characterize levels of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and family history of hypertension among students from two public schools

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to knowing the level of abdominal circumference (AC) among students from two public schools

Purpose: To know the levels of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP), Abdominal Circumference (AC) and Family History of Hypertension among students of two public schools in the city of Picos-PI.

Methods:  This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, where a sample of 145 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years of both sexes was assessed through a form containing the following variables: age, height, sex, classification of MAP, CA and family history of hypertension. The PAM variable was characterized according to the 6th guideline of the Brazilian Society of Hypertension (BSH). Adolescents under 17 years were classified by percentile (height/MAP), and the ones older than 18 years, using standardized values by the Brazilian Ministry of Health.

Results: Of the total sample, 62.8% were female and 37.2% male. The mean age was 14.5 years. Among the 86.2% under 17 years, 43.2% were 50th percentile, 41.6% of 90th percentile, 12% of 95th percentile and 3.2% of 99th percentile. 13.8% were 18 years old, 70% had great BP levels, 15% normal, 10% borderline, and 5% in stage 1 of hypertension. Six women presented abdominal circumference above the level allowed for cardiovascular risk (> 88 cm). Males didn't show relevant values. About 51.7% of students had a history of hypertension among grandparents, followed by 24.1% among parents and 19.3% among uncles.

Conclusion: The numbers show that there is high level of adolescents with risk of developing hypertension in adult life, so it is necessary to plan and implement intervention programs on healthy feeding habits and need for regular physical activity to improve the quality of life in this age group.