Epidemiological Profile of the Causes of Biological Occupational Accidents: Subsidies for the Elaboration of One Program of Education in Nursing

Monday, July 11, 2011

Magali de Oliveira Paula Souza, RN, MSc
Enfermagem - 9º andar, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Maria do Carmo Querido Avelar, PhD
Curso de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem, Universidade Guarulhos, Guarulhos, Brazil

Learning Objective 1: To reflect critically on the responsibility those involved in the process of training nurses.

Learning Objective 2: To consider the need to share specific activities focused on education programs in nursing

Purpose: Any accident involving health workers is considered work accidents and serious public health problem. Biosecurity is an area of great relevance to the health-care establishments, provides information about and controls the risks to which workers are exposed, in the exercise of their activities for the prevention of occupational accidents. To survey the causes of occupational accidents with biological material reported to the Security Service and Occupational Medicine (SESMT) during the year 2007.

Methods:  This was a descriptive study, quantitative, retrospective, documentary, which were analyzed all accidents reported to SESMT, including those not involving contact with biological materials, and those that occurred with residents and students who were hurt during the study period. 

Results: Results showed that of 222 accidents involving staff and students, 186 (83.7%) involved contact with biological materials, 133 (71.5%) were women, 106 injured (56.9%) were between 20 and 30 years old, and 122 (65.6%) were single. There were more accidents with nursing, 107 (57.5%), the body part most affected were the fingers, 122 (65.6%) accidents and 129 (69.3%) accidents were caused by needles.

Conclusion: The nursing workforce in larger establishments, health care, was the category most affected by these accidents. The analysis of the information contained in the description of accidents has identified the factors that contributed to its occurrence, allowing review strategies for the prevention of accidents and offer education programs in nursing.