Perceived Caring from Nurses and Resourcefulness in Patients with Depression in Taiwan

Monday, July 11, 2011

Wei-Na Hsu, MSN, RN
Department of Psychiatry, Tainan Hospital, Tainan City, Taiwan
Chien-Yu Lai, PhD, RN
College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the level of caring which perceived by patients with depression from psychiatric nurses.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand that Taiwanese depressed patientsí perceived caring from nurses was significantly and positively correlated with resourcefulness.

Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among caring perceived by depressed adults from nurses, and depressed adults’ resourcefulness.

Methods:  A cross-sectional design and purposive sampling were used. 108 depressed patients who are receiving medical treatment at one medical center or two psychiatric hospitals in southern Taiwan have been recruited. Four structured questionnaires such as (1) personal demographic questionnaire, (2) Beck Depression Inventory-second version (BDI-II), (3) Caring Behavior Scale (CBS), and (4) Resourcefulness Scale (RS) were used to collect subjects’ personal information, depressive level, perceived caring from nurses, and resourcefulness.

Results:  The results of this study showed that the index score of depressive level was 53.80, which indicated patients in this study were suffering from moderate level of depression.  The index score of perceived caring from nurses was 61.38, which indicated depressed patients perceived moderate level of caring from psychiatric nurses.   In addition, the index score of resourcefulness was 53.6, which refers that depressed patients had moderate level of resourcefulness.  Finally, depressive level was significantly and negatively correlated with resourcefulness (r=-.57, P<.001).  Perceived caring from nurses was also significantly but positively correlated with resourcefulness (r=.25, P<.001) in patients with depression.  Furthermore, the depressive level and perceived caring from nurses were important predictors of resourcefulness.  Both depressive level and perceived caring from nurses accounted for 37.4% of variance of resourcefulness.

Conclusion: The outcome of this study offers psychiatric nurses more understanding about the level of the perceived caring by patients and their resourcefulness.  It would be helpful for developing effective intervention including nursing caring skills for nurses.  The more caring depressed patients perceived, the more resourcefulness depressed patients would get.  Finally, depressed patients may be more resourceful to adjust their living pressure and to promote their adaptive functioning.