Family History of Obesity in Metropolitan Area of the North East in Mexico

Wednesday, July 13, 2011: 2:05 PM

Juana Mercedes Gutierrez Valverde, DSN, MSN1
Esther C. Gallegos, PhD, FAAN1
Ann K. Cashion, PhD, FAAN2
Bertha Cecilia Salazar, PhD1
Rosa Alicia Veloz Garza, MHP1
Laura Martínez de Villarreal3
Fernando Lavalle, MD3
Leonardo Mancillas, MD3
Jesus Zacarias Villarreal, MD3
Hugo Gallardo3
(1)School of Nursing, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Mexico
(2)College of Nursing, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
(3)School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Monterrey, Mexico

Learning Objective 1: The learn will be able to do a new project with the technologies used for others nurses.

Learning Objective 2: To explore the possible international research collaboration

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the presence of obesity (Ob) in family members participating in a research study in a metropolitan area in North East Mexico. In addition, linkage between Ob and DT2 was explored.

Methods: A descriptive study involving 38 families who provided family history (FM) of Ob, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia and diabetes was conducted. Inclusion criteria were proband member diagnosed with DT2 with ≥ two siblings and living parent.  FH interviews were done at the participants’ homes or at the University Clinic. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of the University and the Health Organization. Analysis included descriptive statistics; data entry into SPSS v17 was done.

Results: Of 38 probands,(81% women, mean age 40 + 10.0), mean BMI 30 + 5.56, waist circumference (100 cm  + 12.27), blood glucose 175.88 mg/dl + 82.09 and mean HbA1c 9% + 2.50.  FH included 76 parents, 194 siblings and 85 children. FH of Ob showed that 60.52%, 39.74 %, 81.57% and 34% of fathers, mothers, siblings and children have Ob respectively. 

Conclusion: Ob is common in families in North East in Mexico and the fathers have a higher prevalence of Ob than mothers.