Building Health Literacy Model by High Risk Screening of Osteoporosis

Tuesday, July 12, 2011: 8:30 AM

Angelica Te-Hui Hao, RN, MS
Fan-Hao Chou, RN, PhD
School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: What is high risk screening of osteoporosis

Learning Objective 2: How to build health literacy model by high risk screening of osteoporosis

Purpose: Osteoporosis is a disease of easily causing bone fracture due to bone fragility. If Osteoporosis is not to prevent or be treated, it will gradually result in broken bones. Typically, the broken bones, also called fracture, usually occur in the hip, spine and wrist joint. Therefore osteoporosis is often called the "silent disease" because bone loss and asymptomatic. The purpose of this study is to build health literacy model by high risk screening of osteoporosis.

Methods: For this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis to assess the health screen data by SPSS, statistical software. We analysed 22 risk factors, DXA exam report, FRAX score, and demographics from 3597 health screen data of medical center through Oct 2008 to Oct 2010 in Taiwan.

Results: The results show some indicators for high risk factors of osteoporosis. The top seven high risk factors of osteoporosis include age of over 40 year-old, insufficient milk intake, insufficient calcium intake, insufficient sunshine receiving and insufficient Vit D intake, smoking, insufficient exercise, and parent history. We chose 6 high risk factors of osteoporosis except over subjects of over 40 year-old and parent history into the model of health literacy.

Conclusion: It is well worldwide known that preventing disease is better than curing. This study focuses on building up the health literacy for high risk patients of osteoporosis. The results of this study are expected to provide suggestions for national health economic policy decision makers to improve people's health in Taiwan.