Family Dynamic and TV Viewing as Predictors of Behavior Problems in Preschool Children

Monday, July 11, 2011: 3:45 PM

M. González-Flores Tulia, NBS
Heath Coordination, University of Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to describe three important factors of preschooler children to develop behavior problems.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to explain the relationship between family dynamic and behavior problems and how children are affected by this.


 The purpose of this research was to identify family dynamic and TV viewing as predictors in the manifestation of behavior problems among preschool children.


 A Cross-sectional study conformed by 140 children between 3 and 6 years old attending a public or private kinder garden was conducted. We used a randomized stratified sampling.  The instruments of the study were “Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales PKBS (Cronbach Alpha = .94) and “Mexican Family Dynamic Instrument” with a high agreement between the experts.   The survey was responded by the children tutors.  Were used descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and a regression model for data analysis by SPSSv17.


 The average age was 4.52 ± .82, 53.5% were boys.  Eighty two percent showed a functional family dynamic and 9.3% were dysfunctional. The average of TV viewing hours per week was 20.91hrs ± 9.75 with a minimum of 1.5 and a maximum of 40.6 hours per week.  Results: The correlation between family dynamic and TV viewing was r = -.469 (p<0.01).  Behavior problems and TV viewing had a correlation of r =.490 (p<0.01). 

Conclusion: The results showed that TV viewing is a predictor of several problem behavior in children; boys are more likely to present external behavior problems than girls; and children‘s behavior improved when the family dynamic scores increase.