Preventive Rehabilitation for Improved Health Status and Motivation of the Elderly

Monday, July 11, 2011

Alejandra Leija Mendoza, BS
María Magdalena Delabra Salinas, RN
Ana Laura Carrillo Cervantes, RN
Raul Castillo Vargas, RN
School of Nursing, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Saltillo, Coah, Mexico

Learning Objective 1: There is improvement in health status and greater motivation flatter performing preventive rehabilitation exercises

Learning Objective 2: How it affects the practice of preventive rehabilitation exercises and health status and motivation

Purpose: To know the impact of preventive rehabilitation exercises (PR) on the health status and motivation. To determinate health status of elders in program in comparation with a control group.

Methods: A repeated measures quasiexperimental design. Sample size was determinated using the nQuery Advisor 7.0 software with a four-level ANOVA (confidence level 95%, power 90). 22 adults over 65 years old without chronic diseases and withpout attachments for walking (cane, walker and wheelchair) will be at experimental group and 22 at control group. Experimental group is going to receive PR exercise training, while the control group will receive other training. A nursing assessment  will be used to measured Health status (hearing, sight and vital signs), cognitive impairment with Mini Mental State Exam (2000), dependence through Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and walking Tinetti Assessment Tool (TAT). Motivation will measured through Self-evaluation of motivation level to learn English (MacIntyre and Gardner 1994), this will be addapted to PR exercises learning. A qualitative design is going to used to measure the Elderly people's ability to reproduce learned knowledge about PR exercises.

Results: Repeated measures of ANOVA will be used for each outcome variable and post hoc analysis to determine group differences.

Conclusion: The practice of PR exercises in EP maybe improve their health status, (Martínez, M. & J. Villarba 2010), indeed their motivation(Sancho C., Blasco M., Martinez R., & Palmero F. 2002),