Smoking Behavior and Needs for Cessation Services Among Monks

Tuesday, July 12, 2011: 2:25 PM

Kerada Krainuwat, PhD, RN
Faculty of Nursing (Department of Public Health Nursing), Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to pay attention on providng cessation services to a different group of population according to the context.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to learn a meaningful of conducting needs assessment.

Purpose: To explore smoking behavior among monks, to assess the level of nicotine dependence, and to assess the needs for smoking cessation services in helping monks quit smoking

Methods: A descriptive research design was employed in this study. Participants were monks living in 10 temples at the 2 district areas in the metropolitan city in Thailand. One hundred and thirty four monks participated in the study. Smoking behavior and level of nicotine dependence were assessed from a self- report questionnaire. The need of smoking cessation services were assessed from a self-report questionnaire and interview 

Results: Forty four monks were current smokers. The average ages of the participants was 42 years.  The majority of the participants (45%) entered the monkhood more than 10 years.  Half of them had a high school graduation. Nearly all of them smoked before entering the monkhood. They were slightly addicted to nicotine.  Ninety percent of them attempted to quit smoking at least 1 time in their life. Most of them were interested in smoking cessation services and intended to stop smoking when they received the cessation services. They also preferred to used nicotine replacement therapy than others therapy.

Conclusion: Monk smokers have a nicotine addicted behavior as general smokers.  They had a different life style from general population. Therefore, creating cessation services for monks should be tailored to the needs and context of monkhood