Population-Based Study: Dependent People at Home

Tuesday, July 12, 2011: 2:05 PM

Maria Joana Campos, RN, McN
Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto, Oporto College of Nursing, Porto, Portugal
Abel Paiva Silva, PhD, McN, RN
Oporto College of Nursing, Porto, Portugal

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to realize the extent of dependence phenomenon on reality

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to reflect on the person dependence condition towards the improvement of nursing care

The increase in life expectancy due to technological progress in health, coupled with improvements in socio-economic conditions of the population in general has resulted in a significant increase in people with chronic illnesses who live longer and in a situation of dependence.

In this sense, must be developed a full range of services, including home care for the dependent people. However, to provide care with quality for this people, we need to know more about it.

In our reality little is known about this, we only know that this complex transition is marked by instrumental care, caregivers dispended a lot of time on care, which has implications for the health of dependent person and caregivers, but not the dimension of this phenomenon.

So, we propose a study with the main objectives:

-Identify the proportion of families that integrate persons with dependency,
-Characterize de dependent person: level of dependency and physical condition.

Quantitative research was used. We use a population-based study using a random sample. Our sample is 2351 classic families. The selection of family units that comprise the sample is made using the Geographical Database Referencing Information, which allows to know the geographic distribution of households, and geographically stratified random selection of sub-regional accomplished through a system Geographic Information, using Arcgis®. The data were collect by a form. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences - SPSS (version 18.0, SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA).

Results: We realize 1745 door to door inquires, 1579 accept participate in the research. From 1579 families, 121 have at least 1 dependent person at home. Of these, 69 are women and 52 are male. 63 are married, 45 widowed, divorced 5 and 8 singles. The time of dependence varies from 1 month to 45 years.