Learning Objective 1: Describe the evidence-based practice of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT)
Learning Objective 2: List three implications for Emergency Department Registered Nurses (EDRNs) when implementing SBIRT into an Emergency Department procedure.
Methods: The Nursing School partnered with the Medical Center and an additions-training nonprofit to train four hospitals located in urban, rural, and low-income areas. EDRNs were trained in primary prevention of substance abuse by improving the quality of care via SBIRT intervention. Objectives include providing 1) a two-hour training teaching EDRNs the evidence-based practice and 2) a skill-building component to teach EDRNs to reduce health risks of substance use through clinical practice opportunities.
Results: EDRNs were surveyed on perceptions-of and confidence-in assisting patients who use substances pre, post, and 30-days after training. Results suggest a linking of evidence-based innovation with practice change.
Conclusions of Significance: A significant opportunity exists in the ED to identify, address, and reduce risks of patient substance use. As a result of ED education, patients’ need for intervention is identified earlier along the continuum of use, abuse, and dependence. Implementing this evidence-based practice in the ED increases patient exposure to intervention and community-specific referrals.