Health Promotion Practices and General Health Among Jordanian Adult: A Descriptive Study

Friday, 26 July 2013: 9:10 AM

Ahlam A. Jadalla, PhD, MSN, BSN
Nursing, California State University Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

Learning Objective 1: ***describe the demographic correlates of health promoting practices and general health of Jordanian adults.

Learning Objective 2: ***describe the relationships between health promoting practices and general health of Jordanina adults.

Purposes: to explore demographic correlates of health promoting practices (HPP) and general health and explore whether HPP predict general health among Jordanian adults.

Methods:  a cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling. Health Promoting and Lifestyle Practices (HPLP-II) and RAND-36 Health Survey v.1 were used to collect data on 150 Jordanians. Data was also collected on demographics and chronic disease rates.

Results: A typical participant was a college-educated female, married with an average annual income of USD 10,000 (SD=15,000).  Rates of hypertension and diabetes were 10% and 7% respectively. Chi square goodness of fit test showed that these rates were lower than those prevalent among the Jordanian general population (X2= 172, df =1, p = .000; and X2= 185, df=1, p = .000 respectively). The mean overall HPLP-II score was 2.6 (SD=.46), the means of HPLP-II subscales ranged between 2.1-2.9 and their Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients ranged between .72 and .93. The subscale means for RAND-36 ranged between 55.7-73.5 with the lowest subscale mean score observed for perceived energy (M=55.7, SD=41). Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients for the RAND-36 subscales ranged between .62-.91.

Analyses showed that females scored significantly higher than males on Nutrition and Health Responsibility subscales of HPLP-II; and age was significantly and inversely correlated with overall HPLP-II scale. Analyses on RAND-36 subscales showed that older age was significantly associated with better Emotional well-being, lower Physical Function, and higher perceived Physical Role Limitations. Higher income was significantly correlated with better Emotional Well-being and Social Functioning scores. A multiple regression model with age, income, education, and overall HPLP-II explained 19% of the variance in General Health (R2=.19, F (4, 93) =5.44, p=.001), the overall HPLP-II score was the strongest predictor of General Health (beta = 16, p <.01).

Conclusion: The overall score of HPLP-II was the single most important predictor of general health among adult Jordanians.