Poster Presentation

Monday, November 5, 2007
10:30 AM - 11:45 AM

Monday, November 5, 2007
1:30 PM - 2:45 PM
This presentation is part of : Scientific Posters
Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Abdominal Obesity and Body Image
Oh Jang Park, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwangju city, South Korea and Hee Ja Kim, PhD, RN, Nursing, WonKwang Health Science College, Igsan City, Jeollabukdo, South Korea.
Learning Objective #1: know that aromatherapy massage was effective to reduce abdominal subcutaneous fat in postmenopausal women.
Learning Objective #2: know that aromatherapy massage was effective to improve body image in postmenopausal women by reducing their waist circumference.

Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Abdominal Obesity and Body Image in Postmenopausal Women Oh Jang Park, Hee Ja Kim (Department of Nursing, Chonnam National University) Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the effect of aromatherapy massage on abdominal obesity and body image in postmenopausal women. Method: The study was a non-equivalent control group pre-post test Quasi-experimental design. The subjects were thirty five postmenopausal women who had abdominal obesity. Subjects were randomly divided to experimental(18 women) and control(17 women) groups. All subjects received one time of whole body massage as treatment by the same researcher every week for 6 weeks. Participants also massaged their own abdomen two times everyday for 5 days each week for 6 weeks. The two groups used different kinds of oil. The experimental group used 3% grapefruit oil, cypress and three other kinds of oil. The control group used grapeseed oil. Data were collected before and after treatment using Siemens Somatom Sensation 4(for abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat) and a tape measure(for waist circumference). Information regarding body image was collected using the MBSRQ(Multi-dementional body-self relations Questionnaire). The MBSRQ scale was developed by Cash(1990) and translated by Kang(2003). Data were analyzed by Chi-square, Fisher's exact, t-test, ANCOVA using the SPSS/PC+ Win 12 version. Result: Abdominal subcutaneous fat and waist circumference in the experimental group were significantly decreased after aromatherapy massage compared to the control group. Body image in the experimental group was significantly better after aromatherapy massage than in the control group. Conclusion: These results suggest that aromatherapy massage could be utilized as an effective intervention to reduce abdominal subcutaneous fat, waist circumference, and to improve body image in postmenopausal women. Key words: Aromatherapy massage, Abdominal obesity, Body image