Poster Presentation

Thursday, July 12, 2007
9:30 AM - 10:15 AM

Thursday, July 12, 2007
3:15 PM - 4:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Poster Presentation II
Cardiovascular Risk Among Patients at a Rural Health Clinic in Limon, Honduras
Betsy B. Lehman, MS, APRN, BC and Jennifer B. Sandoval, RN, MSN, PhD. School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA
Learning Objective #1: identify cardiovascular risk factors among the population of Limon, Honduras
Learning Objective #2: discuss the benefits of student service-learning experiences in developing countries.

Context: Faculty and students conducted a pilot study at a local health care clinic in Limon, Honduras.

 Objectives: The purpose of this international pilot study was to examine the prevalence of cardiovascular risks factors among the population of Limon and the surrounding area who attend the clinic in Limon.  Physiologic measures and demographic data were used to evaluate risk.  Health information related to life style changes was provided and evaluated. 


Methods:  A descriptive, correlational study design was used to examine the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors among the population aged 13 years old and older.  Physiological measures that were available and a demographic risk profile were used.    Health education materials related to life style changes to minimize cardiovascular risk were distributed.   The likelihood of behavioral change was evaluated.


Main Outcomes:  The most prevalent risks were BPs above 130/80, BMIs > 25, and frying food.  Most patients were unsure of their family medical history.  A majority of the patients walk to the store and to work.  Twenty nine percent of the patients interviewed ate no vegetables and 15% ate no fruit.  The behavior the patients said they were most likely to change was the way they prepared foods.   


Conclusion:  This was a wonderful educational experience for faculty, students and Hondurans blending international service learning, research, student-faculty collaboration and cultural awareness.   Continued research surrounding cardiovascular risk and behavior change in developing countries needs to be done.




Key-word:  international research, cardiovascular risk, service-learning