Poster Presentation

Thursday, July 12, 2007
9:30 AM - 10:15 AM

Thursday, July 12, 2007
3:15 PM - 4:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Poster Presentation II
Development of the toddlers reared by their grandparents: a cross-sectional study in southern Taiwan
TeFen Yang, RN, Department of nursing, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, Tainan, Taiwan and Bih-Ching Shu, PhD, RN, Department of Nursing and Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, Tainan, Taiwan.
Learning Objective #1: Know the development status of toddlers reared by grandparents in southern Taiwan.
Learning Objective #2: Understand the development status of toddlers’ who reared by different caregivers.

Children reared by their grandparents are in increasing in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to investigate the development of the toddlers reared by their grandparents (over 40 hours each week) in southern Taiwan. Cross-sectional research design was used. Two hundred seventeen toddlers (age 18 months ± 2 weeks) were included by purposive sampling. Among them, 107 toddlers reared by grandparents, 77 toddlers reared by parents and 33 toddlers by mixed type. The Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST)-Chinese version was conducted to assess the toddlers’ development status. Chi-square tests, multinominal logistic regression were used to assess whether there was any difference among three groups. The result suggested that toddlers reared by mixed type were slightly more advanced in language development than those reared by parent. Multiple logistic regressions revealed that the family structure ( OR = 2.323, CI = 1.144 ~ 4.715 ), maternal education ( OR = 0.177, CI = 0.054 ~ 0.576 ), paternal education ( OR = 0.23, CI = 0.069 ~ 0.759 ) and the primary caregiver (OR= 0.407, CI= 0.195 ~ 0.851) were associated with toddlers’ development in fine motor and language dimensions. The finding of this study could provide the pediatricial practician to understand the development of toddlers who reared by their grandparents.