Poster Presentation

Thursday, July 12, 2007
9:30 AM - 10:15 AM

Thursday, July 12, 2007
3:15 PM - 4:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Poster Presentation II
Evaluation of the effectiveness of health promotion in schools-Using shuttlecock-kicking as a physical activity strategy
Jia-Shan Wu, MS, RN, Department of Medical Development, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital,Taipei Branch, Taipei, Taiwan, Yiing-Mei Liou, PhD, RN, Institute of Community Health Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, and Chi-Chen Chiang, MS, RN, Department of Nursing, Mackay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, Taipei, Taiwan.
Learning Objective #1: understand the key points of program application for physical activity in schools
Learning Objective #2: understand the effectiveness of physical activity program, which used shuttlecock-kicking as a strategy for elementary students

Background: The benefit of physical activity is highly emphasized nowadays.  However, there is still no effective program for active lives of school students in Taiwan. 
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of physical activity program, which used shuttlecock-kicking, a Chinese traditional playing, as a promotion strategy for schoolchildren.
Methodology: The researchers applied action research to conduct the effective program of shttlecock-kicking in the fourth and fifth grade students of an elementary school in Taiwan.  Quasi-experimental methods were utilized to understand the short-term outcomes in five months.  International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Concise Physical Activity Benefits/Barriers Scale and the Scale of Self-efficacy in physical activity were used as measure tools.  And the discrepancy evaluation model was applied for the overall program evaluation.
Result: Important factors revealed as positive participation by the principal, the organization of the course committee, the establishment of policies in daily school schedule changing, the integration of program issues and school curriculums, and activity skill teaching.  After the five-month shuttlecock-kicking program, the improvement of students’ self-efficacy in physical activity was obvious (paired t-test p<0.001).  On average, the students increased 64 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activities (MPA) per week (p<0.015).  In particular, the girls increased almost 30 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) per week (p<0.034).  The percentage of students who achieved 90 minutes of VPA per week increased 4.5%.   The percentage of students who achieved 210 minutes MPA per week increased 20.3%.  The percentage of students who achieved 420 minutes of MPA per week increased 13.1%.  Combined with the growth effect from fall to winter, the increase of physical activity was not sufficient to counter the rapid variations in body mass index of school students.  The extra contribution of this study was the use of discrepancy evaluation model, which helped the establishment of a more concrete methodology in action research.