Poster Presentation

Thursday, July 12, 2007
9:30 AM - 10:15 AM

Thursday, July 12, 2007
3:15 PM - 4:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Poster Presentation II
The Companion of the Adult Hospitalized Patient: Nurses' Perception
Aline Maria da Silva, RN, Master, Coordinator, NUPRAS - Núcleo Profissionalizante na Área da Saúde, Franco da Rocha - SP, Brazil and Maria do Carmo Querido Avelar, RN, PhD, Post Graduation Course in Nursing, University Guarulhos, Guarulhos, Brazil.
Learning Objective #1: reflect critically on the responsability those nurses involved in the interpersonal relation process
Learning Objective #2: consider the need of the preparation of the nurses in mattens relating to interpersonal relations

            This study sought to analyze nurses’ knowledge of the institutional policies, as well as their perceptions, in relation to a companion staying with the hospitalized adult patient. It takes the form of a descriptive field study, and the use of a questionnaire to gather information, which was analyzed in three parts. The first part, which characterizes the population studied, includes 29 (100%) nurses working in adult admittance, at a very large and complex philanthropic university hospital. The majority of the subjects were female, with up to 10 years of formal education.  Twenty four (82.76%) of the nurses had taken a specialization course. In the second part, which deals with the nurses’ knowledge of the institutional policies, the majority did not know the policies, but referred to the Guidance Manual on Patients and the Companions, provided by the Institution. In relation to permission for the companion to remain with the adult hospitalized patient, the nurses believed this was their responsibility, and that the companion should carry out previously determined activities in relation to the patient's needs. In the third part of the study, the content of the nurses’ statements was organized according to the proposal of Bardin, enabling the identification of thematic units and their respective categories. In relation to the theoretical framework for analyzing the phases of interpersonal relation, of Peplau’s, one which stood out from the others was Orientation, which was present in all the categories analyzed, with the role of teacher emerging, and that of the person as a resource.  Next, the identification phase was characterized, with nurses taking on the role of leader and psycho-therapeutic agent. The other phases of the interpersonal relations either could not be expressed, or were non-existent, demonstrating a lack of preparation of the nurses in matters relating to interpersonal relations.